Friday, December 23, 2005

 

Save the environment with GAs

Here's a job posting for a postdoc at the Free University, Amsterdam, to use genetic algorithms to do environmental modeling. The object is to "generate lessons for policy aimed at promoting and steering transitions."

 

Is this the way forward?

Martyn Amos's blog has a post on his co-authored paper on Second Generation Biocomputing here. An abstract of the paper may be accessed here, but the following excerpt catches the gist of it:
Previous solutions (the "first generation" of biocomputing techniques), whilst reasonably effective, are crude analogues of actual biological systems. We believe that a new, inherently inter-disciplinary approach is needed for the development of the emerging "second generation" of bio-inspired methods.

There are a number of ways to object to this. We are arguably a good bit beyond the first generation of biologically inspired techniques already, others have previously called for more biology in biologically inspired techniques, and arguably the greatest advances in speed and power have most recently come from dropping fidelity to biology (think EDAs and model builders, for example). I agree that an interdisciplinary approach is needed to advance biologically inspired computing, but it is a greater interdisciplinarity than imagined by the authors of this position paper. In my view, advances in technique come from an interdisciplinary process involving (1) artificially and naturally inspired mechanism, both, (2) effective theory (in the form of little models), and (3) careful implementation and bounding experimentation. Calling for more biology is just one part of this and it is not clear that it is the most important part.

 

Dan Ashlock has new EC book

Dan Ashlock has a new textbook on evolutionary computation (see here).

Thursday, December 22, 2005

 

Are academic leaders increasingly less capable?

TEE says "maybe" and has a theory here (with the help of Victor Davis Hanson).

 

Has interest in GAs peaked?

Machine Learning, Etc. has a nice analysis of the time history of a number of machine learning related keywords using Google scholar here. The data for "genetic algorithms" would seem to suggest that interest in GAs has peaked or leveled-off. Is this so, or is the work in "genetic algorithms" now diversifying into a number of other names (genetic programming, EDAs, co-evolution, evolvable hardware, etc.)?

Papers submissions at the GECCO have been largely level since 1999 with an uptick or two over the last two years. My own view is that the field has been taking a breather and has been consolidating the gains of the 90s. As recent progress in competent GAs and supermultiplicative efficiency speedups takes off, I predict that interest will continue at current levels or possibly grow again. Growth will be particularly robust if current work in competent GP can be combined with supermultiplicative efficiency enhancement. (via KaraNagai)

 

Human genetics is boring; Fruit flies and GAs are not

Flags and lollipops says so here.

 

Write for your life

I've posted the table of contents of chapter 5, "Write for Your Life," of my forthcoming book, The Entrepreneurial Engineer, over at the eponymous blog (see here). The chapter is divided along process and structural lines with the first part of the chapter devoted to learning to separate creation from criticism and the second part of the chapter devoted to fundamental structure of biztech writing, B-P-R or background, purpose, and roadmap. It is my contention that all business-technical writing shares a common iteratively hierarchical structure and that once this structure is mastered most biztech writing becomes a snap.

Tuesday, December 20, 2005

 

EC history blogging

Genetic argonaut has a post on the history of evolution strategies here. It is quite a nice post, although my comment tries to set the record straight on both historical and editorial counts:
Nice post on the history of EC. The first "official" meeting of German and US EC interests was actually PPSN in Dortmund in 1990, not ICGA 91, and PPSN was predated by my trip to a German OR conferernce Ulm in 1989, I believe, at H-P Schwefel's invitation. Yuval Davidor and I were at that conference representing Michigan-style GAs. Also, I'm not sure what the (unbalanced) editorializing about building blocks is doing in an otherwise very nice historical post. At the time, we knew there were differences of opinion about what was important, but we were all glad to have newfound comrads in EC arms. An accurate historical portrayal should emphasize the coming together that started in the late 80s and 90s.
Nonetheless, the post is a good one. We can hope that the argonaut does an equally nice job about the early days of Fogel and Holland.

Wednesday, December 14, 2005

 

Optimized bowling for cricket via GA

Two students at IIT Madras have used genetic algorithms to optimize the bowling motion in cricket (see here).

Monday, December 12, 2005

 

Stop wasting time

See the relevant post at The Entrepreneurial Engineer.

 

Lifemapper

This sounds interesting (via niche).

 

Solving larger, faster, and better at FCS 2005

I'm spreading the gospel of integrated model building at the Frontiers of Science Symposium at Nagoya University in Japan today and tomorrow. Click for the conference home page and program. My talk title is Solving Larger, Faster, and Harder: The Incredible Story of Supermultiplicative Speedups. I'm one of the few soft computing guys here, but it's fun to see where hard computing has gotten to over the years since I got out of the business.

Wednesday, December 07, 2005

 

EDAs and GECCO-2006

The Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference (GECCO) is the largest conference in genetic and evolutionary computation and it covers a broad range of research areas in genetic and evolutionary computation. The next GECCO (GECCO-2006) will take place in Seattle (WA) on July 8-12, 2006. Since I primarily work in Estimation of Distribution Algorithms (EDAs), I'd like to mention that GECCO-2006 offers several events related to EDAs and it should thus provide a great place for EDA researchers as well as those who would like to learn more about EDAs or talk about them.

EDA track
First of all, since the last year's GECCO, there is an EDA program track. GECCO-2006 EDA track is chaired by Peter A. N. Bosman. The last year's EDA track was a great success and I hope that this year's track will be even better.

OBUPM-2006
Second, there is a workshop Optimization by Building and Using Probabilistic Models (OBUPM-2006) organized by Peter A. N. Bosman, Joern Grahl, Kumara Sastry and some other guy (I), which focuses specifically on continuous EDAs.

Tutorial
Finally, I'm giving a tutorial Probabilistic Model-Building Genetic Algorithms, which will provide an introduction to this dynamic area of genetic and evolutionary computation.


Of course, there's a lot more to GECCO-2006 than EDAs and for more details, please visit its web page.

Tuesday, December 06, 2005

 

New IllIGAL Technical Reports

IlliGAL is pleased to announce the publication of following technical reports:

Pelikan, M., Sastry, K., Goldberg, D. E. (2005). Sporadic model building for efficiency enhancement of hBOA. IlliGAL Report No. 2005026. [Abstract] [Full paper in PS] [Full paper in PDF].

Sastry, K., Winward, P., Goldberg, D.E., Lima, C. (2005). Fluctuating crosstalk as a source of deterministic noise and its effects on GA scalability. IlliGAL Report No. 2005025. [Abstract] [Full paper in PS] [Full paper in PDF].

Lanzi P.L., Wilson S.W. (2005). Classifier conditions based on convex hulls. IlliGAL Report No. 2005024. [Abstract] [Full paper in PS] [Full paper in PDF].

Lanzi P.L., Loiacono D., Wilson S.W., Goldberg D.E. (2005). Generalization in XCSF for real inputs. IlliGAL Report No. 2005023. [Abstract] [Full paper in PS] [Full paper in PDF].

Llorà, X., Alías, F. , Formiga, L., Sastry, K., Goldberg, D. E. (2005). Evaluation consistency in iGAs: User contradictions as cycles in partial-ordering graphs. IlliGAL Report No. 2005022. [Abstract] [Full paper in PS] [Full paper in PDF].

Goldberg, D. E.(2005). A little model of optimal group size in breakout meetings. IlliGAL Report No. 2005021. [Abstract] [Full paper in PS] [Full paper in PDF].

Bernadó-Mansilla, E., Llorà, X., Traus I.(2005). Multiobjective learning classifier systems: An overview. IlliGAL Report No. 2005020. [Abstract] [Full paper in PS] [Full paper in PDF].

Llorà, X., Sastry, K., Goldberg, D.E.(2005). The compact classifier system: Scalability analysis and first results. IlliGAL Report No. 2005019. [Abstract] [Full paper in PS] [Full paper in PDF].

Lanzi P.L., Loiacono D., Wilson S.W., Goldberg D.E.(2005). XCS with computed prediction in continuous multistep environments. IlliGAL Report No. 2005018. [Abstract] [Full paper in PS] [Full paper in PDF].

Other IlliGAL technical reports and publications are available here.

 

New text: Introductory tutorials in optimization and decision support techniques

A book by E.K.Burke and G.Kendall (eds.), Search Methodologies: Introductory Tutorials in Optimization and Decision Support Techniques, Springer 2005, is now available. A brief description of the book can be found here, and the table of contents of the book is available here.

Sunday, December 04, 2005

 

Genometri uses GAs in product design

Doyouwantcoffee (an architecture blog) has a post (here) about a company in Singapore that is using genetic algorithms in product design. The company, Genometri (I like the name), has a variety of tools, but the ones of relevance to GAmists are Gennovate and Design DJ. According to the site, Gennovate is
Entry Level generative software. Creates hundreds of variations based on a generic model built in Solid Works. Most of the generative designs seen in this web page were generated using gennovate. Status: currently being alpha tested.
and Design DJ
Will give you ultimate control over the design generation process, by allowing users to set limits on variations and allowing them to save the part file in a genetic format. Status: under-development.
The company won a business plan competition in April 2005 (see here) and is apparently a spinoff of research at NUS. Jasmeet Chadha and Parth Vaishnav are the principals listed on the b-plan competition, but there are no names explicitly mentioned on the Genometri site about company officers, investors, and such. From a technology point of view, there also isn't much to go on, but the cool stuff appears to be the integration with CAD tools, not particularly advanced genetic algorithms.

Saturday, December 03, 2005

 

Little models at ACAL 2005 and AI 2005

I'm in Narita airport in Japan on the way to Sydney, Australia for ACAL 2005 and AI 2005. Giving a talk called Little Models, Big Results (see here).

Thursday, December 01, 2005

 

Special issue on chance discovery (I)

The Journal of New Mathematics and Natural Computation is running the first ot two parts of a special issue on chance discovery (volume 1, number 3). A quick note and links to it may be found here.

 

The ecology of blogging

Mister Snitch has a nice post about the different styles of bloggers that make up the ecology of blogging here (via Instapundit). Related posts are here and here.

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